The sodium-dependent multivitamin transporter transports biotin, pantothenic acid and lipoate (Prasad et al. 1997). The three vitamins competitively inhibit transport of each other. Lipoate inhibits the transport of biotin and pantothenic acid (Prasad et al. 1998). Biotin is taken in microgram quanties while lipoic acid is taken in 600 milligram and higher quantites. What is more lipoate is synthesized on proteins whereby there is no need for free lipoic acid. All supplemental lipoic acid would be doing is blocking the transport of biotin and pantothenic acid.