Aconitase activity was significantly decreased in cerebellums of individuals who had autism. Glutathione levels were decreased in individuals with autism. Glutathione peroxidase activity is decreased in individuals with autism. Homocysteine levels are increased in children with autism. Vitamin D levels are decreased in individuals with autism. Individuals with autism have reduced bone mineral density. Taurine levels are low in a subset of individuals with autism. There are low levels of biotin in patients with autism. Iron deficiency is very common in autism.
See my papers Treatment-resistant schizophrenia: focus on the transsulfuration pathway. and A disease-modifying treatment for Alzheimer’s disease: focus on the trans-sulfuration pathway as to how similar biochemical abnormalities are also present in schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease. Other posts on this blog are also relevant to biochemical abnormalities found in schizophrenia.
Autism, schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease are epigenetic illnesses. Despite various biochemical commonalities between autism, schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease there are epigenenetic differences with these epigenetic differences channeling the illnesses in divergent directions. However, with autism, schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease being fundamentally similar treatments for autism, schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease could be very similar. As there are now no biological treatments for autism treatments currently used in autism and which are partially effective can not now be clearly hooked up to a treatment for schizophrenia.
Social skills interventions is individuals with autism aged 6-21 have shown limited and equivocal effectiveness. Biological treatments for autism are needed.